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Trip Planner Europe  /  Switzerland  /  Canton of Vaud  /  Bex

Bex

4.2
Bex is a municipality in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, located in the district of Aigle. It is a few miles south of its sister town municipality of Aigle.HistoryBex is first mentioned in 574 as in Baccis.The Bex Salt MineBex is the site of a famous salt mine.The salt deposits in Bex were the first that were discovered in Switzerland. In the 15th century a salt source is mentioned in the area, but it was not until 1554 that a large deposit was discovered in Panex. Production of the salt began shortly thereafter. In 1582 a salt works was built in Roche. Initially the salt works were run by Bernese patricians and then foreign nobles. In 1685 the salt mines came under the direct control of the Bernese state. At the beginning of the 18th century it was entrusted to a general director, the most famous of which was Albrecht von Haller.To provide wood for the salt works in Roche, in 1695 a forest was planted in the Joux Verte gorge. Starting in the 16th Century, they began to replace natural evaporation with boiling to speed up salt production. The first underground tunnels were dug in 1684 to find new salt sources. Salt deposits were discovered in Le Bévieux and Les Devens (both part of the municipality of Bex) and Aigle. The mine at Le Bévieux was still in operation at the beginning of the 21st century.GeographyBex has an area, of 96.56km2. Of this area, 25.85km2 or 26.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.42km2 or 33.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 4.48km2 or 4.6% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.84km2 or 0.9% is either rivers or lakes and 33.01km2 or 34.2% is unproductive land.
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